Jenny Snyder, Comparative Humanities (Linguistics)
(Re)Constructing Asian American Identity Through Stand-Up Comedy
The data Snyder analyzed includes a short video excerpt of a 2012 performance by stand-up comedian Ali Wong, as well as comments that viewers left in response to this video on YouTube (video link here: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=oItPQRZ3xpI). Snyder transcribed over five minutes of the six minute clip, which showed Wong using a variety of linguistic choices. In this workshop, we will go over the linguistic choices and discuss the Asian stereotypes that Wong uses in her performance, and whether such use of stereotypes authenticate or deauthenticate Wong’s Asian American identity. Additionally, looking at the YouTube comments will reveal a pattern that shows the intersection of race and gender.
Sabrina D’Souza, Speech Language Pathology, School of Medicine
“Motherese” in English, Spanish, and English as a Second Language (ESL)
In this data analysis workshop, D’Souza will share some of their data collection and analysis on “Motherese” in Spanish and ESL speakers and whether “Motherese” has an effect on child language learning. Since the 1960s, researchers have studied how mothers talk to their babies and children. The high pitch, short repetitive phrases characterize what is known as “Motherese”. Little research has looked at “Motherese” in Spanish, let alone English as a Second Language. Therefore, in this experiment, we study audio-visual recordings of Latin-American immigrant mothers, as they talk and play with their children, while speaking in Spanish and ESL. We then compare the data with that of USA-born, native English speaking mothers.
Steven Skaggs, Hite Art Institute, Fine Arts
Semiotics and Visual Communication
In this workshop, Skaggs will present an overview of how semiotics can aid in critique of art and design. Along with discussion on their recently published book FireSigns: A Semiotic Theory for Graphic Design (MIT Press).
Lisa Björkman, Urban and Public Affairs
Discussion on anthropologist Webb Keane’s new book “Ethical Life: Its Natural and Social Histories”
We will be focusing on chapters 2 and 5. Chapter two discusses the ethical dimensions of establishing a shared sense of reality through interaction. Chapter five provides a case study of how such processes resulted in lasting moral systems through examining the history of feminist consciousness-raising.
Lisa Wagner, Spanish
“Mapping Louisville’s Linguistic Landscape: A Pedagogical Tool for L2 Teaching and Learning”
Karl Swinehart, Comparative Humanities (Linguistics)
“Andino Futurism, Tupak Katari in Space, and Decolonial Time in Bolivia’s Pacha Kuti”
Debates about cultural practices in Bolivia have increasingly unfolded around questions of which practices are deemed essentially indigenous or essentially Western, with many corners of Indigenous Bolivia calling for decolonization and the reestablishment of indigenous cultural hegemony. This paper examines cases in which the construal of time (through calendars, clocks, and notions of the past and future) is depicted as essentially Indigenous to the Andes or a colonial import from the West and, thus, a target for reform. Advancing competing construals of time has become one feature of contemporary state led political interventions, from reorienting clock faces on public buildings to run from right to left, to reconciling the Gregorian calendar with the solar, agricultural, Aymara one, to replacing Spanish-loan words for the days of the week with neologisms, to framing the launching of a telecommunications satellite as the reconstitution of prehispanic astronomical science. Across these cases we encounter a semiotic ideology of andinofuturism that identifies the prehispanic Andean past as a source for technological and social advance. This ideology draws on salient differences between the timespace semantics Indo-European and Andean languages: 1) the linking of front space with past time and anterior space with the futurity and 2) a unified concept of ‘spacetime’ or ‘pacha,’ a term that has become popularized through the widespread use of ‘Pacha Kuti,’ or ‘the turning over of spacetime,’ to refer to what in other contexts might be called “revolution.”
Dr. Kathryn Whitmore and Dr. James Chisholm, Education & Human Development
In this interactive workshop, we will invite participants to engage with research methods we created to understand how middle grades readers learned about the Holocaust and Anne Frank’s diary through the arts. In our multi-year study, we employed digital photographic and videographic techniques to freeze multimodal co-constructions of texts. We will invite participants to build on our arts-based research methods that seek to disrupt standardized and verbal evaluation instruments that dominate and limit what teachers can know about what and how students can learn.
The following paper provides additional background on the arts-based methods that they will explore during the workshop: Chisholm, J. S., & Whitmore, K. F. (2016). Bodies in space/bodies in motion/bodies in character: Adolescents bear witness to Anne Frank. International Journal of Education & the Arts, 17(5). Available at http://www.ijea.org/v17n5/v17n5.pdf.
Margath Walker, Geography
Towards a Marcusean Conceptualization of Fortification
This paper proposes that bordering mechanisms do their work through geographic displacement, the production of one-dimensionality and techno-rationalism. These latter two terms are drawn from Herbert Marcuse’s writings which sought to understand the dissolution of critical rationality and the stifling of revolutionary subjectivity in advanced industrial capitalism. To illustrate, I focus on contemporary efforts of fortification along Mexico’s borders in various stages of implementation. Bolstered by quantification, and the use of statistics and categorization, policies and practices of securitization articulated through US security agendas (both domestic and exported) represent a mode of organizing and perpetuating spatial relationships promulgating boundaries of thought and action devoid of few real challenges.
Briel Kobak, Anthropology (University of Chicago)
Straight Whisky, and the Producer/Consumer it Protects
Straight, rectified, or blended: such were the options for labeling whiskey sold in the U.S. after the passage of three legislative acts between 1897 and 1911. These statutes served to regulate the production, distribution, and sale of various comestibles, drugs, and medicine on a federal level. By considering the role of one particular distiller, this analysis attempts to consider the intricacies and overlaps of business and regulatory bodies in the realm of comestibles as a both a foil and mirror to distilling practices today.
Rachel Gramer, English, Rhetoric and Composition
The Stories We Learn to Tell: New Teachers’ Narratives of Identity
How do new writing teachers write and tell stories that reveal and shape their identities?This workshop presents a dissertation chapter work-in-progress in two parts: (1) a brief talk on narrative as a methodology for studying newcomer identities, and (2) an interactive discussion of artifacts and stories collected during a year-long interview study with new writing teachers at UofL.
“Eternal Praise to the Brave Warriors: Indeterminacies of Nationhood in Jesús De Machaca, Bolivia”
Presented by Dr. Karl Swinehart, Assistant Professor in Department of Comparative Humanities on February 26, 2016.
With the passage of its 2009 constitution, Bolivia declared itself a Plurinational State, recognizing 36 Indigenous nations within Bolivian territory and established Aymara, Quechua, and 34 other indigenous languages as co-official with Spanish. This paper considers Bolivian plurinationality through an examination of a civic ritual conducted only a year after the passage of the 2009 constitution – a public commemoration of the 1921 uprising and massacre of Aymara peasants in Jesús de Machaca, La Paz – focusing on the singing of the Bolivian national anthem in the Aymara language. Translated into indigenous languages now co-official with Spanish, the song’s lyrics challenge the principle of commensurability that translation presupposes. The anthem’s performance introduces new resonances to lyrics like “the clamor of war” and “brave warriors” and raises questions about how an Aymara nation is situated within the now plurinational republic: Is this a performance of “nested sovereignty,” an Aymara civic act within a now Plurinational Bolivian Republic? Or is it a case of “assimilation by analogy,” where previously oppositional emblems of Aymara alterity are incorporated within a performance of civic minded Bolivian nationalism?
“She’s the artist one”: How learner identities mediate multimodal literacy activities
Presented by Dr. James Chisholm (Assistant Professor, Middle & Secondary Education) and Dr. Andrea Olinger (Assistant Professor, English) on January 29, 2016.
For the first meeting of UofL’s new discourse and semiotics workshop, James Chisholm and Andrea Olinger present their work-in-progress, a discourse analytic study that examines the construction of three high school students’ identities as particular types of learners (e.g., “visual artist”) and the ways these identities shape the multimodal texts they are producing together.
Recommended reading that informs their theoretical and methodological approach: Stanton Wortham’s “Socialization Beyond the Speech Event” (2005), Journal of Linguistic Anthropology 15(1), 95-112. Available for download at http://repository.upenn.edu/gse_pubs/48/